GRAPHISOFT®, a leader in Building Information Modeling (BIM) software development for architects and designers, has just announced that the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has launched a test project for temporary, earth-bag shelters in Syria using ARCHICAD to develop the designs.
Constructed using bags filled with dirt, this type of transitional shelter gives the beneficiaries involved an opportunity to work and earn an income — which could also stimulate the start of small business opportunities. Earth-bag house construction is an efficient way to solve the need for basic homes that can be built within a short period of time. Furthermore, the earth-bag house construction system does not require a deep knowledge of construction and can be built by the people who will live in them.
Compared to tents, the earth-bag built house has many advantages without being a permanent construction; they can easily be dismantled and the materials can be re-purposed. „Providing cheap architecture for poor people has always been my dream,” said Anas Aljbain, architect and UNHCR shelter associate. „ARCHICAD has made my dream a reality.”
The transitional shelters consist of two rooms and a kitchenette. The benefits of this type of transitional shelter are many. The earth-bag houses are:
- Easy to learn and user-friendly – the simplicity of an earth-bag building makes them easy to build by unskilled people or communities;
- Strength – an earth-bag wall is extremely strong, owing to its thickness and weight, thus is considerably more resistant to high winds or other destructive forces (earthquakes, floods, etc.);
- Adaptable – it is easy to alter the position of wall openings during construction, or to dismantle an incorrectly placed wall and subsequently rebuild it with the very same material. Services – plumbing, electrical and other services can easily be fixed to the earth-bag wall.
- Safety – there are no piles of bricks on site that may be subject to theft, just the bags, which are easily secured, and a pile of earth, which has no value. Furthermore, the earth-bag house is highly fire-resistant, is bullet- and to a certain extent mortar-proof;
- Remote locations – as mainly the bags need to be transported to the site, an earth-bag building can be erected at remote sites.
The size of a typical earth-bag shelter is 44 square meters (473 square feet) and can be built by seven people in approximately 2 weeks. For more information about the transitional shelter project in Syria, you can visit http://www.graphisoft.com/users/bim-case-studies/transitional-shelters-designed-using-archicad.html